Desiring War: Apocalypse, Commodity Fetish, and the End of History

Erin Runions


This paper argues that the repeated buzzwords ‘history’ and ‘freedom’ in official documents of the Bush administration work to conflate religious and economic desire, as a means of motivating war. Bush’s apocalyptically inflected invocation of a personified history, who calls the U.S. to defend and advance freedom, also betrays a philosophical underpinning that is illuminated through Francis Fukuyama’s explication of the ‘end of history’. This exploration of the religio-philosophical framework for Bush’s public discourse pays attention to the ways in which it mirrors Fukuyama’s ultimately neoconservative, Nietzchean reading of Kojève, in which the Hegelian fight unto death is never quite resolved.


war;Francis Fukuyama;neo-conservatism;George W. Bush

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Bible and Critical Theory: ISSN 1832-3391